This book combines the research and work of two directed studios, one at HarvardŐs Graduate School of Design, the other at the Ecole Politechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland. Led by the Swiss architect Ines Lamuniere, both studios explored the relationships between the natural and built environments by developing designs for large-scale buildings in Manhattan. The publication contains essays by the authors and prominent architects, including Adam Yarinsky, Nina Rappaport, Leslie Gill, and Billie Tsien. Eight design proposals by students from Lausanne and Cambridge are presented to showcase a selection of the research work on the city of New York. over,under designed the book and edited its content.